Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Perimenopausal Women The term perimenopause simply refers to the time period leading up to menopause. During this time period, typically between the ages of 40-55, the female body experiences several changes that are related to hormonal level alterations. During the perimenopausal time frame, the ovaries will decrease in size and gradually stop producing estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone. These changes can lead to certain symptoms, such as hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, fluctuations…

Read More »

Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological Cancer: Incidence, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment Gynecological cancer includes any cancerous tumor involving the female reproductive organs. Cancer occurs when abnormal cell growth occurs, leading to rapid overgrowth of other abnormal cells. Sometimes this growth occurs spontaneously, and other times, various risk factors cause it. The following are the most common types of Gynecological Cancers: Uterine Cancer (Endometrial Cancer) Ovarian Cancer Cervical Cancer Vulvar Cancer Vaginal Cancer Fallopian Tube Cancer According to the American Cancer…

Read More »

Breast Cancer in Women

Breast Cancer in Women: Incidence, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment Although there are several types of breast cancer, it remains a disease whereby cells within the breast grow at an abnormally rapid speed. Most breast cancers develop in the ducts and lobules of the breast; however, they can quickly metastasize or spread throughout other parts of the body, causing further damage and potential risk of death. The stages of breast cancer are as follows: Stage 0, Stage…

Read More »

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a women’s health condition that causes hormonal alterations in the body as well as many metabolic issues. Although its root cause is not yet known, it can be attributed to three primary irregularities: hyperandrogenism (high levels of androgens, such as testosterone) ovulatory dysfunction and irregular menstruation polycystic ovaries (ovaries comprised of many tiny follicles secondary to hormonal imbalance and lack of ovulation) PCOS is the…

Read More »

Endometriosis: Incidence, Causes, and Treatments

Endometriosis: Incidence, Causes, and Treatments Endometriosis is a female reproductive organ disease that affects about 10% of women (of the reproductive age) globally. The condition is defined by the growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. These ectopic areas of endometrial tissue contain endometrial glands. Endometriosis usually occurs in the pelvic region, but it can also occur in other areas inside the abdomen, such as on the intestinal wall, bladder, or lining of the abdomen. This…

Read More »

Types of Vaginitis

Types of Vaginitis and its Causes, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Treatment Vaginitis is defined as any condition resulting in inflammation of the vagina. Vaginitis symptoms can vary, ranging from asymptomatic to painful. In addition, the condition can be infectious or non-infectious. There are several causes of vaginitis. They can involve bacteria or fungal infections, yet some cases are caused by ingredients found in topical creams and beauty products. In addition, some other conditions can lead to vaginitis,…

Read More »