Common Menopausal Issues

Common Menopausal Issues And How to Manage Them What is Menopause? Menopause is a natural biological process that begins when the ovaries stop producing hormones. It is usually officially diagnosed 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual cycle. This natural process is likely to result in some level of physiological change, emotional turbulence, and other signs and symptoms that can last for a few years before the diagnosis. However, rare cases have seen symptoms last anywhere from…

Breast Cancer in Women

Breast Cancer in Women: Incidence, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment Although there are several types of breast cancer, it remains a disease whereby cells within the breast grow at an abnormally rapid speed. Most breast cancers develop in the ducts and lobules of the breast; however, they can quickly metastasize or spread throughout other parts of the body, causing further damage and potential risk of death. The stages of breast cancer are as follows: Stage 0, Stage…

Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological Cancer: Incidence, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment Gynecological cancer includes any cancerous tumor involving the female reproductive organs. Cancer occurs when abnormal cell growth occurs, leading to rapid overgrowth of other abnormal cells. Sometimes this growth occurs spontaneously, and other times, various risk factors cause it. The following are the most common types of Gynecological Cancers: Uterine Cancer (Endometrial Cancer) Ovarian Cancer Cervical Cancer Vulvar Cancer Vaginal Cancer Fallopian Tube Cancer According to the American Cancer…

Types of Vaginitis

Types of Vaginitis and its Causes, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Treatment Vaginitis is defined as any condition resulting in inflammation of the vagina. Vaginitis symptoms can vary, ranging from asymptomatic to painful. In addition, the condition can be infectious or non-infectious. There are several causes of vaginitis. They can involve bacteria or fungal infections, yet some cases are caused by ingredients found in topical creams and beauty products. In addition, some other conditions can lead to vaginitis,…

A Thorough Guide to STI’s: Sexually Transmitted Infections

A Thorough Guide to Sexually Transmitted Infections An STI, or sexually transmitted infection, is an infection that has been contracted and spread from sexual contact. Previously, the term STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) has been used to describe such an infection; however, the term disease should be used to describe a complication of a sexually transmitted infection. A sexually transmitted disease is more severe than the initial infection. Both men and women are vulnerable to STIs, with the…

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a women’s health condition that causes hormonal alterations in the body as well as many metabolic issues. Although its root cause is not yet known, it can be attributed to three primary irregularities: hyperandrogenism (high levels of androgens, such as testosterone) ovulatory dysfunction and irregular menstruation polycystic ovaries (ovaries comprised of many tiny follicles secondary to hormonal imbalance and lack of ovulation) PCOS is the…

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Perimenopausal Women The term perimenopause simply refers to the time period leading up to menopause. During this time period, typically between the ages of 40-55, the female body experiences several changes that are related to hormonal level alterations. During the perimenopausal time frame, the ovaries will decrease in size and gradually stop producing estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone. These changes can lead to certain symptoms, such as hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, fluctuations…

Postmenopausal Bleeding and its Causes

Postmenopausal Bleeding and its Causes Postmenopausal bleeding is the condition in which uterine bleeding occurs after a female has gone through menopause. While some bleeding is common during the perimenopausal time frame, uterine bleeding after menopause is unusual and should be evaluated by a gynecologist upon initial detection. Generally, menopause occurs between the ages of 45-55, with the average age being 51. The transition into menopause can range anywhere from a few months to several years, though…

Infertility in Women

Infertility in Women – Incidence, Causes and Available Treatments Pregnancy is a biological miracle involving several requirements to be met for success. A female ovum must be released from the ovaries. A sperm must attach to the egg for fertilization. The fertilized egg must then travel through the fallopian tube to the uterus, and implantation in the uterus must occur for pregnancy to be achieved. The inability to become pregnant is a result of a dysfunction in…

Endometriosis: Incidence, Causes, and Treatments

Endometriosis: Incidence, Causes, and Treatments Endometriosis is a female reproductive organ disease that affects about 10% of women (of the reproductive age) globally. The condition is defined by the growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. These ectopic areas of endometrial tissue contain endometrial glands. Endometriosis usually occurs in the pelvic region, but it can also occur in other areas inside the abdomen, such as on the intestinal wall, bladder, or lining of the abdomen. This…